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Do you know where your variables are?

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Hi all, I'm to use indirect filehandles, per Damian Conway's PBP, like so:
my $FH = "DATA"; open $FH, "<", $filename or croak "Cannot open file $ +filename $!\n";
Well, that's not quite how I said to do it in PBP. You missed one important caveat. From the book:
Whenever you call open with an undefined scalar variable as its first argument, open creates an anonymous filehandle (i.e. one that isnít stored in any symbol table), opens it, and puts a reference to it in the scalar variable you passed.

So you can open a file and store the resulting filehandle in a lexical variable, all in one statement, like so:

open my $FILE, '<', $filename or croak "Can't open '$filename': $OS_ERROR";

The my $FILE embedded in the open statement first declares a new lexical variable in the current scope. That variable is created in an undefined state, so the open fills it with a reference to the filehandle itís just created, as described above.

The key point being:
Whenever you call open with an undefined scalar variable as its first argument...
So you were nearly right. You just needed a little bit less code:
my $FH; open $FH, "<", $filename or croak "Cannot open file $filename $!\n";

In reply to Re: Indirect Filehandles + use strict = error by TheDamian
in thread Indirect Filehandles + use strict = error by bowei_99

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