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Where are you going to store your instance data?

Since you asked... in a variable outside the object itself: a closure, in all likelihood. In my experience, this is the best use for flyweight objects in Perl, far better than as an awkward method of strong encapsulation. Here is how I'd do it:

#!/usr/bin/perl use strict; use warnings; package BaseballPlayer; use Carp; my %attrib; sub BEGIN { %attrib = map { $_ => 1 } qw( RBI Batting_Average Hits Runs Stolen_Bases Games_Played ); no strict 'refs'; for my $n ( keys %attrib ) { *$n = sub { $_[0]->{$n} } } } sub new { my( $class, %arg ) = @_; exists $attrib{$_} or croak "Unknown stat: $_" for keys %arg; $arg{$_} ||= 0 for keys %attrib; bless \%arg, $class; } package BaseballPlayer::Pitcher; our @ISA = 'BaseballPlayer'; { my %object; sub new { my( $class, %arg ) = @_; my %pitcher_stat = map { $_ => delete $arg{$_} || 0 } qw( ERA Stri +keouts ); my $base = BaseballPlayer->new(%arg); my $ret = bless $base, $class; $object{$ret} = \%pitcher_stat; $ret; } sub ERA { $object{$_[0]}{ERA} } sub Strikeouts { $object{$_[0]}{Strikeouts} } sub DESTROY { delete $object{$_[0]} } } package main; my $p = BaseballPlayer::Pitcher->new( Hits => 23, ERA => 4.32 ); print $p->Hits, "\n"; print $p->ERA, "\n";

Likely you have your own solution; if it is significantly different (or especially if it's better) than mine, do share it. This solution passes the tests you mentioned, and has become a regular habit for me. I agree with your point: Perl doesn't make it easy to use inheritance. This is a wordy, tiresome ritual, and thus is error-prone. Various aspects of Perl's OO require such rituals, however; personally, I wouldn't single out inheritance on this account.

Update: Changed $p's ERA to something realistic, upon zdog's advice.

Update: Simplified my code, upon tye's advice. My inclusion of needless code was a cargo-cult imitation of my own practices, which reflected the needs of prior projects. This, I think, underscores my point about the unfortunate effects of rituals which compensate for the shortcomings of a language.


In reply to Re: Re: Where/When is OO useful? by Petruchio
in thread Where/When is OO useful? by jarich

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