Beefy Boxes and Bandwidth Generously Provided by pair Networks
go ahead... be a heretic

comment on

( #3333=superdoc: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??
Actually I think this is an isomorphism of Lewis Carroll's Zebra Puzzle.
You can read about the puzzle in Krzysztof Apt's lecture notes:
It starts at the bottom of page 8, which is really the 10th page if
you include the two title pages...

I solved this puzzle in two different ways in Prolog and Lisp.
In Prolog I chose to first specify all the constraints on the domains
of the five values, every constraint shrinking the domains and in the
end you're left with only one solution.
In Lisp I used streams to generate all permutations in a lazy way
and I filtered out all the possibilities that clashed with the rules
in the same way you'd sieve primes from the stream of integers.

The biggest choice I think is if you see the house number as a value
certain variables {colour, drink, pet, nationality, profession} can have
or if you see everything as a symbol and reason about things occurring
together or not.

I'm very curious to know how fast your Perl solution is.
I know it doesn't make much sense calling any numbers,
since there are too many variables, but my Prolog version took
0.004 seconds, using swi-prolog on a Sun Ultra 5 and I didn't time
the Lisp version. I'm just wondering if Perl will be in the same
order of magnitude.

I was also completely amazed that the Englishman doesn't drink tea
and that the Italian doesn't drink coffee, but I assumed that was just
to make things less obvious :)

Pasted in here is the Prolog version, as it's the most readable of the two:

% find the Zebra and the Water, zebra_water(X).
% by Willem Robert van Hage,

nextdoor(X,Y) :- right(X,Y).
nextdoor(X,Y) :- right(Y,X).

match([X|Xs],Ys) :-

zebra_water(X) :-
        Y = [house(    Green,          _,  green,         _,      _,      _),
             house(    White,          _,  white,         _,      _,      _),
             house(Norwegian,  norwegian,      _,         _,      _,      _),
             house(     Blue,          _,   blue,         _,      _,      _),
             house(      Fox,          _,      _,         _,    fox,      _),
             house(   Doctor,          _,      _,    doctor,      _,      _),
             house(    Horse,          _,      _,         _,  horse,      _),
             house( Diplomat,          _,      _,  diplomat,      _,      _),
             house(        3,          _,      _,         _,      _,   milk),
             house(        1,  norwegian,      _,         _,      _,      _),
             house(        _, englishman,    red,         _,      _,      _),
             house(        _,   spaniard,      _,         _,    dog,      _),
             house(        _,   japanese,      _,   painter,      _,      _),
             house(        _,    italian,      _,         _,      _,    tea),
             house(        _,          _, yellow,  diplomat,      _,      _),
             house(        _,          _,  green,         _,      _, coffee),
             house(        _,          _,      _,  sculptor, snails,      _),
             house(        _,          _,      _, violinist,      _,  juice),
             house(        _,          _,      _,         _,  zebra,      _),
             house(        _,          _,      _,         _,      _,  water) ],
        X = [ house(1,_,_,_,_,_),
              house(5,_,_,_,_,_) ],

It should come out nicely aligned when pasted into an ascii editor :)

brother Willem (wrvhage)
-- |

In reply to I think it's Lewis Carrol's puzzle by wrvhage
in thread Solve Einstein's problem with perl?! by weini

Use:  <p> text here (a paragraph) </p>
and:  <code> code here </code>
to format your post; it's "PerlMonks-approved HTML":

  • Posts are HTML formatted. Put <p> </p> tags around your paragraphs. Put <code> </code> tags around your code and data!
  • Titles consisting of a single word are discouraged, and in most cases are disallowed outright.
  • Read Where should I post X? if you're not absolutely sure you're posting in the right place.
  • Please read these before you post! —
  • Posts may use any of the Perl Monks Approved HTML tags:
    a, abbr, b, big, blockquote, br, caption, center, col, colgroup, dd, del, div, dl, dt, em, font, h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, hr, i, ins, li, ol, p, pre, readmore, small, span, spoiler, strike, strong, sub, sup, table, tbody, td, tfoot, th, thead, tr, tt, u, ul, wbr
  • You may need to use entities for some characters, as follows. (Exception: Within code tags, you can put the characters literally.)
            For:     Use:
    & &amp;
    < &lt;
    > &gt;
    [ &#91;
    ] &#93;
  • Link using PerlMonks shortcuts! What shortcuts can I use for linking?
  • See Writeup Formatting Tips and other pages linked from there for more info.
  • Log In?

    What's my password?
    Create A New User
    and the web crawler heard nothing...

    How do I use this? | Other CB clients
    Other Users?
    Others avoiding work at the Monastery: (8)
    As of 2020-08-07 14:00 GMT
    Find Nodes?
      Voting Booth?
      Which rocket would you take to Mars?

      Results (45 votes). Check out past polls.