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Re^2: trapping system error

by anu_1 (Acolyte)
on Aug 28, 2010 at 11:01 UTC ( #857827=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??


in reply to Re: trapping system error
in thread trapping system error

Hi, Thanks for explaining the problem...I tried what you suggested. But still the system error is not displayed in html I tried to execute the script without cgi.
unless (`mkdir -p "/xyz/abc/test"`) { die "myerror $!"; }
Here is the output
mkdir: cannot access directory /xyz/abc/test. /xyz/abc/test: Permission denied myerror: at ./testerror line 8
The part after myerror is the line number .

Replies are listed 'Best First'.
Re^3: trapping system error
by pemungkah (Priest) on Aug 29, 2010 at 00:19 UTC
    TL;DR:
    • print to print to STDOUT and therefore the browser
    • die to print to STDERR and therefore the error log
    By using die you're still saying "I want this in the error log, not sent to the browser".

    You want to say this:

    if (my $output = `mkdir -p /xyz/abc/test 2>&1`) { chomp $output; my $message = "Unable to create directory for (whatever the purpose +was) /xyz/abc/test: $output ($!)"; print $message,"\n"; die $message; exit; }
    This runs your mkdir in a way that captures the output from mkdir's STDERR into $output (if the mkdir works, it doesn't print anything). If there was output from the invoked command, then we chomp the output to remove the trailing newline, and print it to STDOUT - for a CGI program, you must print stuff to STDOUT if you want to see it in the browser.

    Note that we printed a full report on the error, following the old journalistic standard of who, what, when, where, and why:

    1. A descriptive message: why this matters and approximately when it happened during execution
    2. The name of the directory: where we were trying to do the operation
    3. The error message from mkdir and the error code: what the error was
    "who" is the CGI program; if you just have one script, you probably don't need the who; if you have multiple scripts in use by your server, you could print the name of your program (in $0; note that mkdir does this to tell you who failed when it can't create the directory).

    Note that I built the message, printed it with a newline, and then did a die with the message sans newline. This means that the message logged in the error log will have the line number and script name supplied automatically and the one shown in the browser won't. Why? Because the final user of the program does not care about scripts and line numbers, only results. The log gets the script name and line number because only developers read logs, not users, and the developers need to know this stuff, unlike the users.

Re^3: trapping system error
by Anonymous Monk on Aug 28, 2010 at 11:07 UTC
    Permission denied means the user under which apache executes your programs doesnt have permission to create /xyz/abc/test
      Yes ..How do i display that in a browser?

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