Beefy Boxes and Bandwidth Generously Provided by pair Networks
Pathologically Eclectic Rubbish Lister

How can I login to get data from a webpage?

by Anonymous Monk
on Apr 20, 2001 at 02:04 UTC ( #74015=categorized question: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??
Contributed by Anonymous Monk on Apr 20, 2001 at 02:04 UTC
Q&A  > HTTP and FTP clients


I want to GET data from a website. The problem is I need to enter my username and password to login in on one page. Then I can go to other pages to access data. Using perl (from a command prompt), I can GET the HTML, but the server thinks I'm a 'guest' so I get incomplete data. How can I log in to one url and then GET data from another url within the same server?

Answer: How can I login to get data from a webpage?
contributed by tinman

This is part of a script that I wrote for getting data from a password protected site. The site uses cookies for the logins, and the password URL can be passed straight in via the URL as GET parameters.

use LWP::UserAgent; use HTTP::Cookies; $ua = LWP::UserAgent->new; $ua->cookie_jar(HTTP::Cookies->new(file => "$cookie_file", autosave => 1)); $ua->timeout($url_timeout); $res = $ua->request(HTTP::Request->new('GET', "$login_url")); if ($res->is_error()) { $response = $response->status_line; exit; } $response = $ua->request(HTTP::Request->new('GET', "$data_url")); if ($response->is_error()) { $response = $response->status_line; } else { # do what you want to do with the pages here }

First I create a "cookie jar" which retains the cookie submitted by the site login mechanism.. Then, I submit the login_url, which is a complete URL escaped string. Thereafter, if the login is successful, I can navigate to any of the protected URLs..

Answer: How can I login to get data from a webpage?
contributed by Daddio

In addition to the code sample from tinman, check out CPAN's LWP, LWP::UserAgent, LWP::AuthenAgent.

Also, there are other nodes which may be of help here on PerlMonks that can help, too: 1, 2, or the general UserAgent search results.

These may give you a few pointers and more examples of ways to access the sites, whether or not the site is using cookies for login.

Please (register and) log in if you wish to add an answer

  • Posts are HTML formatted. Put <p> </p> tags around your paragraphs. Put <code> </code> tags around your code and data!
  • Titles consisting of a single word are discouraged, and in most cases are disallowed outright.
  • Read Where should I post X? if you're not absolutely sure you're posting in the right place.
  • Please read these before you post! —
  • Posts may use any of the Perl Monks Approved HTML tags:
    a, abbr, b, big, blockquote, br, caption, center, col, colgroup, dd, del, div, dl, dt, em, font, h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, hr, i, ins, li, ol, p, pre, readmore, small, span, spoiler, strike, strong, sub, sup, table, tbody, td, tfoot, th, thead, tr, tt, u, ul, wbr
  • You may need to use entities for some characters, as follows. (Exception: Within code tags, you can put the characters literally.)
            For:     Use:
    & &amp;
    < &lt;
    > &gt;
    [ &#91;
    ] &#93;
  • Link using PerlMonks shortcuts! What shortcuts can I use for linking?
  • See Writeup Formatting Tips and other pages linked from there for more info.
  • Log In?

    What's my password?
    Create A New User
    and the web crawler heard nothing...

    How do I use this? | Other CB clients
    Other Users?
    Others pondering the Monastery: (8)
    As of 2020-05-27 13:38 GMT
    Find Nodes?
      Voting Booth?
      If programming languages were movie genres, Perl would be:

      Results (155 votes). Check out past polls.