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Parse Xerox Metacode printer data

by diotalevi (Canon)
on Oct 07, 2002 at 01:44 UTC ( #203230=sourcecode: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??
Category: Text Processing
Author/Contact Info Joshua b. Jore josh@greentechnologist.org
Description:

This provides a text parse of the previously undocumented and proprietary Xerox Metacode printer file format. This isn't complete but it represents what I've been able to glean after reverse engineering some sample documents.

package XeroxMetacode;
use strict;
use warnings;
require Exporter;
our @ISA = ('Exporter');
our @EXPORT_OK = ('translate_file',
          'translate_record');
our $VERSION = '1.00';

=head1 NAME

XeroxMetacode - parse Xerox Metacode data

=head1 SYNOPSIS

 use XeroxMetacode 'translate_file';

 open METACODE, 'source.met' or die "Can't open source.met: $!";
 $metacode = do { local $/ = undef; <METACODE> };
 $parse = translate_file( \$metacode );
 print $$parse;

=head1 ABSTRACT

Perl module for translating Xerox's binary data format printer file
format into a human readable format.

=head1 EXPORT

None by default.

=head1 DESCRIPTION

The Xerox Metacode format is fed directly to Xerox Enterprise
Printing Systems (EPS) for large volumn print jobs. The format
is unpublished and this module only handles part of the decoding
task. You will have to continue the reverse engineering effort
if you want to get positional or drawing characters to appear.

The output from this function should be further massaged into whatever
format is convenient for you.

=head1 PUBLIC METHODS

=over 4

=item $ref = translate_file( \$binary_file )

Pass in a scalar reference to the entire Metacode binary file and
you'll be given a scalar reference to the parsed output.

=item $ref = translate_record( \$record, $sourceFilePosition, \@fonts 
+)

Pass in a scalar reference to the binary Metacode record, the current
offset into the Metacode file and a fonts array. The file position
is used for error reporting in case any problems show up. The fonts
array is used for when DJDE records set the current operational fonts
so further translate_record() calls can use the font names.

=back

=head1 PARSED OUTPUT FORMAT

The output consists of a single string. Internally each metacode
command is ended by a single newline. Each record is also further
ended by another newline. I used this non-traditional format to
avoid costs associated with array allocation. The most natural
format for this would have been to return a single array for the
entire file where each element is an array ref for each metacode
record. So... It's a comprimise. The newline character itself
is not valid text so there is no concern about embedded newlines
altering the parse.

 FontSwitch 0 ?
 DJDE FONTS UN104B HE18BP HE06NP HE08OP
 EndOfLine

 FontSwitch 0 UN104B
 Positional 6 1223
 Positional 4 3461
 FontSwitch 10 BLANKP
 Text LONG_TERM
 EndOfLine

 FontSwitch 0 UN104B
 Positional 6 1179
 Positional 4 3461
 FontSwitch 10 BLANKP
 Text XXNAME:foo
 EndOfLine

=over 4

=item Text

'Text ' followed by the text

=item DJDE FONTS

'DJDE FONTS ' followed by a list of font names.

=item DJDE IMAGE

'DJDE IMAGE ' followed by the image filename

=item DJDE END

'DJDE END' indicates the end (and activation) of any
pending DJDE sequences.

=item FontSwitch

'FontSwitch # fontname' If the font number can be matched
back to a name then the font name is returned as well.

=item EndOfLine

'EndOfLine' This occurs at the end of Metacode records.

=item Orientation

'Orientation #' Portrait / Landscape

=item Positional

'Positional # ###' Seek to this location on the page. This
must be further explored to make it useful.

=item Drawing

'Drawing ## C' Display a drawing character. This is usually
in a symbols font.

=item The codes 9 through 31

I have no idea.

=item ERROR

This indicates an error occured in the parse.

=back

=head1 METACODE FORMAT

A metacode file is separated into a series of contiguous records. Each
record consists of a two byte length value and the remainder is Metaco
+de.
The first part of the Metacode is typically a font setting (to zero) a
+nd
then a control character. This can be ignored for most work. The follo
+wing
string demonstrates the record format. Note that the two byte length
value includes itself so a record with length 3 is likely to simply be
"\00\03\01".

The actual printer codes aren't fully understood yet though if you
need more detail just examine this module's source code.

=head1 METACODE EXAMPLE

This is an example of a complete Metacode record complete with header,
+ body
and tail.

 "\00\11" .  # record length - 17 bytes
 "\00\00+" . # FontSwitch 0 and control character
 "\02" .     # a command
 "\06\00\04".#  ''
 "\04\00\04".#  ''
 "Text".     # printable data
 "\01";      # end of record

=head1 SEE ALSO

nntp://comp.sys.xerox
http://www.xerox-techsupport.com/

=head1 BUGS AND LIMITATIONS

Correctly parses text records - you cannot render images from the curr
+ent
module. Further reverse engineering is required to get that.

=head1 RELEASE AND REVISION HISTORY

1.00 October 5, 2002

=head1 AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT INFORMATION

(C) Copyright 2002 Joshua b. Jore (Z<>josh@greentechnologist.orgZ<>,
http://www.greentechnologist.orgZ<>). All Rights Reserved.

This program is free software and may be used and redistributed under 
+the
terms of the Artistic License.

=cut

sub translate_file
  {
    # read each record from the input metacode file and append each to
    # the parsed text output
    my $parse = '';
    my $sourceMetacode = ${$_[0]};
    
    my $sourceMetacodeLen = length $sourceMetacode;
    my $sourceMetacodePos = 0;
    my $recordLen = 0;
    my $record;
    my @fonts = ();
    
    # Loop until the entire file has been traversed
    # This reads a series of records from the binary file
    # and passes each off to be individually parsed. State
    # is maintained between records in the @fonts array.
    # While proper metacode processing probably requires
    # more state I just don't know about that yet. Each record
    # consists of a two byte record length and then the binary
    # record.
    
    while ($sourceMetacodePos < $sourceMetacodeLen)
      {
        $recordLen = unpack( 'n',
                 substr $sourceMetacode,
                 $sourceMetacodePos,
                 2);
        $record = substr( $sourceMetacode,
              $sourceMetacodePos + 2,
              $recordLen - 2);
    
    $parse .= ${translate_record(\$record, $sourceMetacodePos, \@fonts
+)};
        
        $sourceMetacodePos += $recordLen;
      }

    
    return \$parse;
  }

sub translate_record
  {
    # this returns an array ref to a parse of the input metacode data.
+ Each element of the array is either a
    # text node or another array ref. The plain text nodes are just th
+at. It's the text embedded in the metacode.
    # the array ref nodes have further meaning. The first element of t
+he array indicates which code was encountered.
    # there may be other elements following and you may want to do som
+ething with that depending on your skill and
    # knowledge level.
    my $parse = '';
    
    my $record = ${$_[0]};
    my $foffset = $_[1];
    my $fonts = $_[2];
    my $font = 0;
    my @image = ();
    
    while (not $record =~ m/\G\z/cog)
      {
    # Font switch - the second byte is a packed char
    if ($record =~ m/\G\000([\000-\377])/cog)
      {
        $font = unpack 'C', $1;
        $parse .= "FontSwitch $font " . ($fonts->[$font] ? $fonts->[$f
+ont] : '?') . "\n";
        next;
      }
    
    # record terminator
    if ($record =~ m/\G\001/cog)
      {
        $parse .= "EndOfLine\n";
        next;
      }
    
    if ($record =~ m/\G([\002-\003])/cog)
      {
        $parse .= "Orientation " . unpack('C', $1) . "\n";
        next;
      }
    
    if ($record =~ m/\G([\004-\007])([\000-\377][\000-\377])/cog )
      {
        $parse .= "Positional " . join(' ',unpack('C', $1),unpack('s',
+ $2)) . "\n";
        next;
      };
    
    if ($record =~ m/\G\010([\000-\377][\000-\377])([\000-\377])/cog )
      {
        $parse .= "Drawing " . unpack('s',$1) . " $2\n";
        next;
      };
    
    if ($record =~ m/\G([\011-\037])/cog )
      {
        $parse .= unpack('C',$1) . "\n";
        next;
      };
    
    # Plain text here. This is all mutually exclusive
    # with the other codes so there is no chance of a match
    # coinciding with another code
    if ($record =~ m/\G([\040-\377]+)/cog )
      {
        
        if ($font)
          {
        # print this
        $parse .= "Text $1\n";
        next;
          }
        
        # I assume IDEN was set to $DJDE$ - your mileage may vary
        my $text = $1;
        next unless $text =~ s/^.\$DJDE\$\s*//;
        
        while (not $text =~ m/\G\z/)
          {
        $text =~ m/\G\s+/gc and next;
        $text =~ m/\G,/gc and next;
        $text =~ m/\G;/gc and next;
        
        # FONTS start
        $text =~ m/\GFONTS/gc and do
          {
            @$fonts = ();
            
            # skip ahead to the first token;
            if ($text =~ m/\G\s*=\s*\(/gc)
              {
            # loop until the ending parenthesis is found
            while (not $text =~ m/\G\)/gc)
              {
                # grab a token
                push @$fonts, $1 if $text =~ m/\G([^),]+)/gc;
                # optional comma and white space
                $text =~ m/\G,?\s*/gc;
              }
            
            $parse .= "DJDE FONTS " . join(' ',@$fonts) . "\n";
              }
            next;
          };
        # FONTS end
        
        # IMAGE start
        $text =~ m/\GIMAGE/gc and do
          {
            @image = ();
            
            # skip ahead to the first token
            if ($text =~ m/\G\s*=\s*\(/gc)
              {
            # loop until the ending parenthesis is found
            while (not $text =~ m/\G\)/gc)
              {
                # grab a token
                push @image, $1 if $text =~ m/\G([^),]+)/gc;
                # optional comma and white space
                $text =~ m/\G,?\s*/gc;
              }
            
            $parse .= "DJDE IMAGE " . join(' ', @image) . "\n";
              }
            next;
          };
        # IMAGE end
        
        $text =~ m/\GEND/gc and do
          {
            $parse .= "DJDE END";
            next;
          };
        
        $text =~ m/\G./gc and next;
        
          }
        
        next;
      }
    # End text record
    
    # Danger, danger Will Robinson!
    # This really shouldn't ever get here and if it does
    # then it's likely to be a script error. It's also possible
    # that the source Metacode wasn't well formed and somehow
    # the script was led astray
    $record =~ m/\G([\000-\377])/cog;
    $parse .= sprintf "ERROR Unexpected byte 0x%x at offset 0x%x. Reco
+rd starts at 0x%x and is 0x%x bytes long.",
      (unpack('C',$1),
       $foffset + pos($record),
       $foffset,
       length($record));
    next;
      }
    
    $parse .= "\n";
    return \$parse;
  }

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