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### How do I print/round a number to a given number of decimal places?

by vroom (Pope)
 on Jan 08, 2000 at 08:23 UTC Need Help??
Contributed by vroom on Jan 08, 2000 at 08:23 UTC
Q&A  > data formatting

 Answer: How do I print/round a number to a given number of decimal places?contributed by vroom Probably the easiest way is to use printf/sprintf: ```\$unrounded = 0.66666; printf "\$unrounded rounded to 3 decimal places is %.3f\n", \$unrounded; \$rounded = sprintf "%.2f", \$a; # rounded to 2 decimal places (0.67) [download]``` Answer: How do I print/round a number to a given number of decimal places?contributed by hossman As in How do I round a number? — Math::Round has a great method for this: ```use Math::Round; print nearest(.01, 1.555); [download]``` Answer: How do I print/round a number to a given number of decimal places?contributed by Roy Johnson This other answer, by wrvhage, has the great property of working correctly for values like 3.005 rounded to two places (where sprintf is not). However, it needs a couple of tweaks to work for negative numbers. ```sub stround { my( \$n, \$places ) = @_; my \$sign = (\$n < 0) ? '-' : ''; my \$abs = abs \$n; \$sign . substr( \$abs + ( '0.' . '0' x \$places . '5' ), 0, \$places ++ length(int(\$abs)) + 1 ); } [download]``` Answer: How do I print/round a number to a given number of decimal places?contributed by wrvhage ```sub stround { my( \$number, \$decimals ) = @_; substr( \$number + ( '0.' . '0' x \$decimals . '5' ), 0, \$decimals + + length(int(\$number)) + 1 ); } [download]``` TIMTOWTDI! Answer: How do I print/round a number to a given number of decimal places?contributed by littleskittles This answer by Roy Johnson improved this answer by wrvhage by dealing with negative numbers. This answer adds an improvement to handle the case where decimal places is zero, i.e. by not including the hanging decimal point, e.g. "10.1" rounded to zero places would become "10." instead of "10". Any other changes are just rearrangement of the code. ```sub stround { my (\$n, \$places) = @_; my \$abs = abs \$n; my \$val = substr(\$abs + ('0.' . '0' x \$places . '5'), 0, length(int(\$abs)) + ((\$places > 0) ? \$places + 1 : 0) ); (\$n < 0) ? "-" . \$val : \$val; } [download]``` Answer: How do I print/round a number to a given number of decimal places?contributed by Munkey Perhaps not as fast as printf, but pretty fast, and not using anything special: ```sub round { my (\$nr,\$decimals) = @_; return (-1)*(int(abs(\$nr)*(10**\$decimals) +.5 ) / (10**\$decimals)) + if \$nr<0; return int( \$nr*(10**\$decimals) +.5 ) / (10**\$decimals); } [download]``` strange that no-one has posted this, seems like the most straightforward idea to me...

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