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Re: Recursive File Substitution

by Aristotle (Chancellor)
on Jul 14, 2002 at 21:24 UTC ( #181649=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to Recursive File Substitution

Without going into the golfish ways of doing this, but sticking to script form, there's a whole lot of things you can improve.
my %skip = ( 'gif' => 1, 'jpg' => 1, 'jpeg' => 1, 'png' => 1 );
I would prefer to write this like so:
my %skip_for; @skip_for{qw( gif jpg jpeg png )} = ();

and later test using exists $skip_for{$ext}

Next note: you can just use $File::Find::name rather than "$File::Find::dir/$_"

Then we have a case of redundant syntax: in \&{ sub { ... } } the sub{ ... } already gives you a reference. Then your &{} goes and dereferences it, only to feed it back to the \ which makes a reference from the result again. You can drop the surrounding \&{} and simply write sub { ... } here.

I am a bit puzzled by this:

  my ($nil,$ext) = $file =~ /^(.*?)\.(.*?)$/gs;

If you throw away the first capture, why capture at all?

  my ($ext) = $file =~ /^.*?\.(.*?)$/gs;

which is better written as

  my ($ext) = $file =~ /[.]([^.]+)$/gs;

(In words: I want as many non-dot characters as there are in front of the end of the string, update: but only if there's a dot in the filename.)

The $ext = '' unless defined $ext; can be avoided if you put the $skip{$ext} inside an if(/match here/)

Lastly, since you're not interested in the individual lines of your input, but separating the input costs effort, it would be better to unconditionally slurp large chunks of X bytes instead.

The next point is a maneuvre critique. Why would one first fetch a list of directories and then go and read each directory manually, when the same first search already gives you all the file names on a silver plate? (And why are counting something, when you never use that count? :-))

And lastly, rather than hardcode the directory in the script, it's preferrable to take them as parameters from the commandline.

So here's an updated version:

#!/usr/bin/perl -w use strict; use Fcntl; use File::Find; my %skip_for; @skip_for{qw( gif jpg jpeg png )} = (); find( sub { next if -d or /^[.]/; next if /[.]([^.]+)$/ and exists $skip_for{$1}; my $content = ""; # gobble and mangle 64k chunks at a time sysopen FH, $_, O_RDWR; s/\r//g, $content .= $_ while sysread FH, $_, 65536; # go back to top of file sysseek FH, 0, 0; syswrite FH, $content, length $content; # the file still has its original length, # because we didn't clobber it with an open FH, ">file" # so we need to fix that truncate FH, tell FH; close FH; }, (@ARGV) || "." # NB: parens required );

Further improvement might be to use some Getopt:: module to allow the user to change the $skip_for rules.

Update: I must have been asleep as well. Kudos to Zaxo for pointing out my regex would return the whole filename for extensionless files. Also, I need to go flaggelate myself for a while:

sysopen FH, $_, O_RDWR or (warn "Couldn't open $File::Find::name: $!\n", return); s/\r//g, $content .= $_ while ( defined (sysread FH, $_, 65536) or (warn "Couldn't open $File::Find::name: $!\n", return) );
and, of course,
return if -d or /^[.]/; return if /[.]([^.]+)$/ and exists $skip_for{$1};
since this is a sub, not a for loop. I feel stupid now. Oh well, guess we can feel stupid together. :-)

Makeshifts last the longest.

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Recursive File Substitution: Improved!
by mt2k (Hermit) on Jul 15, 2002 at 02:26 UTC
    Heheh, apparently I was either sleeping, on some kind of drugs or in just some kind of hurry, throwing that script together with anything that did the job :)

    Thanks for the improvement (okay fine, improvementS) that you made to it. Must look at perldoc -f sysopen and related docs. Once again, thanks! :)

    *goes off, pretending that his code is perfect and cannot be improved upon*

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