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Re^3: Reliably parsing an integer (updated)

by haukex (Bishop)
on Jun 29, 2020 at 20:19 UTC ( #11118679=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to Re^2: Reliably parsing an integer
in thread Reliably parsing an integer

How is a regular expression going to help me accept 4294967295 (UINT32_MAX) but not 4294967296 (UINT32_MAX+1)?

AnomalousMonk answered this one; I suggested the module because it's good for verifying various number formats.

I would rather avoid the overhead of using Math::BigInt if I can.

Well, if you want to go right up to that limit*, then I think the safest way is to use Math::BigInt, because it'll correctly handle strings that are clearly over the limit. It's a core module and it's not really that much overhead: once you've used the module to confirm that the number will work as a normal integer without loss of precision, you no longer need the object and can just work with a plain Perl scalar afterwards. Just an example:

use warnings; use strict; use feature 'state'; use Carp; use Math::BigInt; use Config; use Regexp::Common qw/number/; sub validate_int { my $str = shift; state $max = Math::BigInt->new( eval $Config{nv_overflows_integers_at} ); croak "not an integer" unless defined $str && $str=~/\A$RE{num}{int}\z/; my $num = Math::BigInt->new($str); croak "integer to small" if $num < 0; croak "integer too big" if $num > $max; return $num->numify; } use Test::More; sub exception (&) { eval { shift->(); 1 } ? undef : ($@ || die) } is validate_int(0), 0; is validate_int(1), 1; is validate_int(3), 3; ok exception { validate_int(undef) }; ok exception { validate_int("") }; ok exception { validate_int("x") }; ok exception { validate_int("123y") }; ok exception { validate_int(-1) }; ok exception { validate_int("-9999999999999999999999999999999") }; my $x = Math::BigInt->new(eval $Config{nv_overflows_integers_at})-1; is validate_int("$x"), 0+$x->numify, "'$x' works (max-1)"; $x++; is validate_int("$x"), 0+$x->numify, "'$x' works (max)"; $x++; ok exception { validate_int("$x") }, "'$x' fails (max+1)"; ok exception { validate_int("999999999999999999999999999999999999") }; done_testing;

* Update: I named several integer limits in the post I linked to. Depending on which of those limits you want to use, hippo's suggestion from here is of course much easier.

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