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Re: simple recursive sub from hell.

by Rudif (Hermit)
on Aug 24, 2001 at 03:03 UTC ( #107533=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to simple recursive sub from hell.

A tired melguin wrote

>> What this is supposed to do is reproduce the file structure in one directory (recursively), but instead of copying the files ...

Sounds similar to what my script below does - it replicates a directory tree - directories and files. Even if your needs are different, perhaps this can help.

#! perl -w # replicates files from source directory to destination directory use strict; use File::Basename; use File::Copy; use File::Find; use File::Path; # usage # my $usage = <<ENDUSAGE; replicate -s <sourcedir> -d <destdir> -e <extension [...]> [-q] [-h] Replicates each file in source directory and its subdirectories into the destination directory and its subdirectories if source file has one of the specified extensions and the destination file is older or inexistent. Creates the destination directory and it's subdirectories if inexist +ent. -d must be followed by the full path name of the destination dire +ctory -e must be followed by one or more space-separated extensions -h print help text and exit -msvc may be given instead of -e and will copy all non-regenerabl +e msvc files -q query (print the filenames due for replication) -s must be followed by the full path name of an existing source d +irectory ENDUSAGE # parse arguments # my ($sourcedir, $destdir, @extensions, $query); while (@ARGV) { my $arg = shift; if ($arg eq '-s') { $sourcedir = shift; } elsif ($arg eq '-d') { $destdir = shift; } elsif ($arg eq '-e') { while ($ARGV[0] && $ARGV[0] !~ /^-/) { push @extensions, shift; } } elsif ($arg eq '-msvc') { push @extensions, qw / bmp c cpp def dlg dsp dsw h ico idl mak + odl rc rc2 rgs /; } elsif ($arg eq '-q') { $query = 1; } elsif ($arg eq '-h') { print STDERR $usage; exit; } else { errorExit("Unknown option or argument: $arg"); } } if (! -d $sourcedir) { errorExit("Please specify an existent source directory ($sourcedir + inexistent)"); } my $extensions; if (@extensions) { $extensions = join "|", @extensions; } else { errorExit("Please specify at least one extension"); } if (! -d $destdir) { mkdir $destdir, 777 || die "Could not create directory $destdir"; print STDERR "Created directory $destdir\n"; } # change '\' to '/' (avoids trouble in substitutions) # $sourcedir =~ s|\\|/|g; $destdir =~ s|\\|/|g; #print STDERR "$sourcedir $destdir\n"; # do it # find(\&copyIfNeeded, $sourcedir); # subroutines # sub copyIfNeeded { if (/\.($extensions)$/i) { # filename has a valid extension my $srcsubdir = $File::Find::dir; (my $destsubdir = $srcsubdir) =~ s!$sourcedir!$destdir!; # print STDERR "$srcsubdir/$_ -> $destsubdir/$_\n" ; if (! -d $destsubdir) { if ($query) { print STDERR "Should create directory $destsubdir\n"; } else { mkpath($destsubdir, 1, 0777) || die "Could not create +directory $destsubdir"; # mkpath can create a multilevel path (unlike mkdir) print STDERR "Created directory $destsubdir\n"; } } my $srcfile = "$srcsubdir/$_"; my $destfile = "$destsubdir/$_"; if ((!-f $destfile) || isNewer($srcfile, $destfile)) { if ($query) { print STDERR "Should copy file $srcfile to $destfile\n +"; } else { if (-f $destfile && !-w $destfile) { chmod 0777, $destfile; } print STDERR "$srcfile to $destfile ..."; if (copy($srcfile, $destfile)) { print STDERR " replicated\n"; } else { warn "Could not copy file $srcfile to $destfile\n" +; } } } else { print STDERR "$destfile OK\n"; } } } sub errorExit { my $msg = shift; print STDERR "*** $msg ***\n"; print STDERR $usage; exit; } sub mtime { my $file = shift; my ($dev,$ino,$mode,$nlink,$uid,$gid,$rdev,$size,$atime,$mtime,$ct +ime,$blksize,$blocks) = stat($file); $mtime; } sub isNewer { my ($file1, $file2) = @_; return &mtime($file1) > &mtime($file2); } __END__ =head2 AUTHOR I wrote this a long time ago, before I knew about Getopt::Long. And Pe +rlMonks. Use it as you like. =cut


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