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Re: Strange syntax question

by Utilitarian (Vicar)
on Aug 14, 2013 at 16:15 UTC ( #1049440=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to Strange syntax question

from perldoc perlop:
C-style Logical Defined-Or Although it has no direct equivalent in C, Perl's "//" operator + is related to its C-style or. In fact, it's exactly the same as " +||", except that it tests the left hand side's definedness instead o +f its truth. Thus, "$a // $b" is similar to "defined($a) || $b" (exc +ept that it returns the value of $a rather than the value of "defined($a +)") and yields the same result as "defined($a) ? $a : $b" (except that +the ternary-operator form can be used as a lvalue, while "$a // $b" cannot). This is very useful for providing default values for variables. If you actually want to test if at least one of $a +and $b is defined, use "defined($a // $b)". The "||", "//" and "&&" operators return the last value evaluat +ed (unlike C's "||" and "&&", which return 0 or 1). Thus, a reason +ably portable way to find out the home directory might be: $home = $ENV{HOME} // $ENV{LOGDIR} // (getpwuid($<))[7] // die "You're homeless!\n"; In particular, this means that you shouldn't use this for selec +ting between two aggregates for assignment: @a = @b || @c; # this is wrong @a = scalar(@b) || @c; # really meant this @a = @b ? @b : @c; # this works fine, though As more readable alternatives to "&&" and "||" when used for co +ntrol flow, Perl provides the "and" and "or" operators (see below). +The short-circuit behavior is identical. The precedence of "and" a +nd "or" is much lower, however, so that you can safely use them after a + list operator without the need for parentheses: unlink "alpha", "beta", "gamma" or gripe(), next LINE; With the C-style operators that would have been written like th +is: unlink("alpha", "beta", "gamma") || (gripe(), next LINE); Using "or" for assignment is unlikely to do what you want; see +below.

print "Good ",qw(night morning afternoon evening)[(localtime)[2]/6]," fellow monks."

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