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Re^3: Review of my script

by Tux (Canon)
on May 16, 2013 at 12:10 UTC ( #1033821=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to Re^2: Review of my script
in thread Review of my script

Error messages should go to STDERR, Log to the log or STDERR if no log wanted/specified, and required/expected output to STDOUT.

If you read that again, an expected usage message is something you want on STDOUT. e.g. when called with --help. My approach is always:

sub usage { my $err = shift and select STDERR; print "usage: $0 [--options] ...\n"; exit $err; } # usage use Getopt::Long qw(:config bundling); my $opt_v = 0; GetOptions ( "help|?" => sub { usage (0); } # OK, STDOUT "v|verbose:1" => \$opt_v, "x|xfsgdft!" => \my $opt_x, ) or usage (1); # FAIL: STDERR

As not all programmers are clean in that distinction, when I want help through a pager, I pipe STDOUT and STDERR together, which - in (t)csh is just a single extra character:

> some_app --help |& less

To return to the first point, when some script/app deals with lot of data, you absolutely want that separated! You want to see the analysis, and not store it between your data

$ perl big_file.txt >excerpt.csv Opening file Analyzing columns Validating data Generating CSV 1 2 3 4 5 Done! $

Imagine the validity of the generated file if the diagnostics were sent to STDOUT. And imagine the extra time it takes to wade through all the lines to find those messages.

Enjoy, Have FUN! H.Merijn

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